What is IIT and how to do it Complete Guide – IIT Full Form

What is IIT and how to do it Complete Guide – IIT Full Form

Almost all students and parents have heard the name of IIT, but many do not have complete knowledge about IIT, what is IIT and how to do IIT  ? Through this article, you will know the complete form of IIT and complete information related to it.

IIT  is the place where 11th 12th studying students want to go after passing 10th, but due to lack of proper guidance and information many students don't know about institutions like IIT even after completing 12th. 

Through this post, you will get answers to all questions like eligibility to go to  IIT and how to get admission in IIT college . 

What is IIT?

The full form of IIT is Indian Institute of Technology.

IITs are one of the most prestigious institutions not only in India but also in the world. Many high-level scientists, researchers, technicians and engineers of the country and abroad emerged through these institutions.

The first IIT institute in India was IIT, Kharagpur which was established in 1951 by the Government of India. Currently India has a total of 23 IITs located in different states and parts of the country. Lakhs of students study in these institutions.

When it comes to engineering, the name of IITs comes first because it is the most prestigious institute in India and millions of skilled and capable engineers emerge from these institutes who work in big companies like Google, Microsoft and Facebook.

All IIT institutes are autonomous institutes, i.e. all their courses and regulations are developed by the IIT institute itself.

Generally, admission to IITs is taken after 3rd class. Two entrance exams are required for admission in these institutes. These exams are also called as one of the toughest exams in the world.

How to do IIT

To get admission in IIT colleges, students must first clear G Main.

After that top 2.5 lakh students clearing JEE give JEEAdvanced exam for admission in IITs. Top one lakh students who pass it get admission in IITs.

IIT colleges have different courses which are called 'branches'. Such as civil engineering, software engineering, mechanical, computer science branches etc. Students who get higher ranks are promoted for B.Tech like Software Engineering whereas lower ranked students are supposed to study branches like Mechanical, Civil.

Although the branch selection depends on the candidate, getting very good marks is very important to get admission in IITs in a branch like computer science, otherwise it becomes difficult to get admission in top IIT institutes in that branch.

What is JEE Mains?

The full form of JEE is Joint Entrance Examination .

JEE Mains is a national level entrance exam required for admission to undergraduate engineering courses like BTech and BE in NITs, IIITs and CFTI colleges.

JEE Main exam 2022 is organized twice a year by NTA (National Testing Agency). This exam will be held in June and July. It is in computer based mode. JEE Main is conducted in 13 languages which are English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Note that passing JEE Main exam does not get admission in IITs because to get into IITs one has to take JEE Advance exam after JEE Main.

JEE Main consists of two papers: one for B.Tech admission and the other for B.Arch admission. Most of the students give JEE Mains only for B.Tech.

In some states, JEE Main exam is required for admission in state engineering colleges, but confirm with the state authority for this.

Official website of jee main is jeemain.nta.nic.in .

Is JEE Advanced?

JEE Advanced is the exam after JEE Mains for admission in IITs.

It is organized every year by one of the seven IITs, including IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Guwahati and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore. This exam is conducted under the supervision of Joint Admission Board (JAB).

To appear in the JEE-Advanced exam, students must first clear the JEE Mains exam. Top 2.5 lakh students of JEE Mains (subject wise) are declared qualified for JEE Advanced exam.

The official website of jee advance is jeeadv.ac.in .

When to start preparing for IIT

If you really want to get into IIT i.e. do IIT then the best time to start preparing for it is after 10th i.e. 11th standard.

Almost all students going to IITs start preparing for the IIT entrance exam after completing 10th standard. These students join any coaching institute and do 11th, 12th together.

Apart from this students prepare for IIT only after passing 8th standard, some students prepare for IIT after passing 12th standard, but after XX standard students don't have much time to prepare as they can only attempt one after 12th standard.

Eligibility for IITs

IIT aspirants must have 12th pass from science stream.

Note that Physics and Mathematics are compulsory in Class XII and Chemistry or Biotechnology as third subject. Besides, 75% in 12th is required to get into IITs. There is also provision of relaxation in % for SC, ST

Update : Due to the current situation, all students who clear JEE-Advanced will get admission in IITs. No minimum marks required in 12th.

IIT Exam Pattern

This test is considered very difficult. It contains questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

The exam pattern of IITs is as follows:

IIT Exam Pattern

What is the fee of IIT?

How much is the IIT fee is one of the most asked questions from candidates who want to get into the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT). Every year fee structure is shared by every IIT institute on official website.

Generally speaking, IIT fees for B.Tech is around 2 to 2.5 lakhs per year, which is 8 to 10 lakhs in four years.

Note that IIT college fees are lower for SC, ST and PH students. Total fee for these 4 years is Rs 2-4 lakhs.

Difference between IIT and NIT

You have come to know what IIT is all  about. Now let's know a little about NIT. The full form of NIT is ' National Institute of Technology '.

  • For admission in IITs, both JEE Main and Advanced have to be cracked while in NITs only JEE Mains can be admitted.
  • Both can be considered equal in education and placement level but IIT is considered better.
  • More funding is given to IITs by the government due to which research papers and projects are published by IITs while less in NITs.

Overall, IITs are much better than NITs. However, many NITs give tough competition to IITs in terms of quality of education.

What is IIT Jam?

The full form of IIT JAM is Indian Institute of Technology - Joint Admission Test for M.Sc.

Students must have a bachelor's degree (Bachelor's) to appear in this exam. Through this, students who have done courses like B.Sc get admission in IIT institutes for world class education. IIT JAM is done for Masters degree like M.Tech.

How many IIT colleges are there in India?

There are total 23 IIT colleges in India. It follows:

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  6. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  7. Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  8. Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar
  9. Indian Institute of Technology, Gandhinagar
  10. Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur
  11. Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
  12. Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  13. Indian Institute of Technology, Indore
  14. Indian Institute of Technology, Varanasi
  15. Indian Institute of Technology, Tirupati
  16. Indian Institute of Technology, Dhanbad
  17. Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar
  18. Indian Institute of Technology, Vilay
  19. Indian Institute of Technology, Goa
  20. Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi
  21. Indian Institute of Technology, Jammu
  22. Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad
  23. Indian Institute of Technology, Dharwad.

Advantages of doing IIT

  • It is the largest institute in the country, so high quality education is available in them, i.e. it is the best resource for engineering or any other course.
  • The best professors teach in these institutes who are well-known names in their fields.
  • IITs have some of the brightest minds in the country.
  • Students studying in IITs also get scholarships in the form of financial aid.
  • You will get an opportunity to visit world renowned universities for internship
  • Besides studies, there are many extra jobs.
  • Apart from that the biggest thing is that after going to IIT people start to recognize you and your respect increases.

Frequently Asked Questions About IIT

When is it done?

After completing 12th standard IIT is done. As many students do BA or BSc for graduation, similarly, admission to IITs leads to BTech or BE graduation courses (engineering).

How many years of course in IIT?

It takes four years to get a Bachelor of Engineering degree at IITs. If one is pursuing Bachelor i.e. Dual Degree as well as Master's course, then the duration is 5 years.

How many marks or percentage is required to do IIT?

For admission to IITs, 75% in class 10 is mandatory for general and OBC category students and 65% is required for SC, ST, and PwD candidates.

When is the IIT Exam?

JEE Mains exam is conducted twice a year and JEE Advanced exam is held once a year. JEE Main exam is held in January and April and Advanced in May every year.

Who conducts the IIT exam?

The JEE Main exam for admission to IITs is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) while the JEE Advanced is conducted by one of the top seven IITs in India under the supervision of the Joint Admission Board.

Difference Between IIT and IT

IIT ie Indian Institute of Technology is a graduate level course whereas ITI is a diploma course. An 8th or 10th pass person can do ITI whereas IIT cannot.

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